Music 266A Music of the 20th Century to 1942
The seminar will focus on four critical years in the first half of the 20th Century. A panoply of works, based on intrinsic musical worth as well as historical significance, has ben selected in order to illustrate the diversity of direction that is this century's most significant trait.
Each year will be dealt with over a two-week period and all students will report on one aspect of the critical year, from world-historical perspective to specific musical analysis. Ideally, each student will prepare at least four reports; at least one of the reports will be analytical. All students must have an intimate knowledge of the selected works, all of which are on reserve in the library (scores and tapes).
Mahler (1860-1911), Symphony No. 9
Berg, Alban (1885-1935), Sonata for Piano Op. 1, (1908)
Schoenberg (1874-1951), Three Piano Pieces, Op. 11
Ravel, Maurice (1875-1937), Daphnis and Chloe, (1909-11)
R. Strauss (1864-1949), Der RosenKavalier, (1910)
Stravinsky (1882-1971), Firebird, 1909, (1919, 1947)
Webern, Anton (1883-1945), Six Pieces for Orchestra Op. 6
Bartok,The Wooden Prince, Op. 13
Berg, Three Orchestra Pieces, Op. 6, (1914)
Debussy (1862-1918), En Blanc et Noir
Ives (1874-1954), Songs, Three Places in New Englnad
Kodaly (1882-1967), Sonata for Unaccompanied Violoncello
Bartok (1881-1945), Piano Concerto No. 2
Hindemith (1895-1963), Concert Music for Strings and Brass
Stravinsky, Symphony of Psalms
Vaughan Williams (1872-1958), Job, a Masque for Dancing
Webern, Quartet for Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone, violin, and Piano, Op. 22
Messiaen, Olivier (1908-1992), Quartet for the End of Time, (1941)
Copland (1900-1990), Rodeo
Martinu (1890-1959), Symphony NO. 1
Prokofiev (1891-1953), Piano Sonata No. 7
Schoenberg, Ode to Napoleon Bonaparte
Bartok, Concerto for Orchestra, (1943)
When the composers or their works are discussed, certain questions
will always be addressed :
1. Where does the piece occur in the composer's output with regard to type and time?
2. Is there a relationship to a national style or an international trend?
3. What is the influence (of the composer or piece) on contemporaries and succeeding generations?
4. Are there extramusical considerations (in or on the work)?
5. Is the work/composer visionary, traditional, etc.?
6. Is there a specific relationship to the other arts (in opera, ballet, or multimedia works the question assume wider dinensions)?
Most of your research will come from periodicals and your own analysis. Below is a list of the most useful journals. Below that is a list of books which have mostly reliable information:
American Music, Dissonanz-Dissonance, Journal of the Arnold Schoenberg
Institute, Journal of Music Theory, Melos, The Music Review, Perspectives of
Updated, September 4, 2000.